A taxpayer can still file an appeal concerning “objective” issues (i.e. factual matters, such as the property record card contains an incorrect description of the property, like a garage that does not exist, incorrect plumbing fixtures, etc.); however, it is on page 2 of the Form 130.
An objective appeal issue may include:
Access the appeals flowchart by clicking Procedure for Appeal of Assessment Flow Chart.
Assessment Notice - A written notice to the property owner of the assessed value of certain properties described in the notice. Law mandates that notice be given to the property owner following a revaluation of the property. The Form 11 is the actual notice sent by the Assessor listing some of the property characteristics and the new assessed values.
Land - The ground on which improvements may be placed. Does not include anything but the land itself.
Improvements - Anything that is built on the land. (i.e., house, barn, pool, paving etc.)
Real Property - The sum of tangible and intangible rights in land and improvements on the land. Real Property means the following:
Personal Property - Movable items not permanently affixed to or part of the real estate such as:
Real Estate - The physical land and everything permanently attached to it.
Tangible Property – The combination of Real Property and Personal Property.
Tangible Personal Property – Personal Property, such as goods, wares, and merchandise. Anything that has physical attributes: can actually be seen and handled physically.
Intangible Personal Property – Personal Property, such as money, deposits, credits, shares of stock, bonds, notes, other evidences of indebtedness, and other evidences of property interests: paper assets.
Why do I have to pay property taxes?
We've all become accustomed to the level of services provided by our local community. Schools, police and fire protection, libraries and paved roads are only a few of the amenities property taxes make possible. Without property taxes, we couldn’t support any of the above.
How is the amount of tax I owe derived?
Your assessed value is multiplied by the tax rate. The tax rate is the total rate of the combined taxing units (County, Township, City or Town, Library, etc.) within each taxing district. The tax rate is expressed in dollars per hundred dollar of assessed value. This amount is reduced by a state credit, Property Tax Replacement and is automatically deducted from your tax bill.
How will I know if my Assessment is correct?
Review the information provided on the Notice of Assessment (Form 11 R\A or C\I). The form not only shows the assessed value, but also the information used to arrive at the assessed value. You are encouraged to carefully check the following for accuracy:
What if I disagree with the Assessed Value?
A taxpayer has a right to appeal their property tax assessment for any reason. The burden of proof, however, will be on the taxpayer to prove why they should have their assessment changed. Just saying: " My taxes are too high" is not sufficient. After carefully reviewing your assessment notice, contact your Assessor’s Office prior to filing an appeal. Note also that three things may happen on appeal:
What are Sales Disclosures and how are they used?
A sales disclosure is a form that is completed for all property transfers and must filed when the transfer is recorded. Sales Disclosures must be filed the County Auditor even if no money changed hands. The intent of the sales disclosure is to provide a base of information that will be utilized by both the State, County and Township Assessors to identify how much each property was transferred for. Sales disclosures were classified as "public information" beginning January 2000.
What constitutes True Tax Value?
True Tax Value is the sum of the land value and the depreciated value of improvements. Land is valued at its estimated market value based upon the sales of comparable properties in the immediate area. Improvements are anything that has been constructed on the land; including houses, barns, garages, swimming pools, decks, patios, utility sheds, tennis courts, gazebos, carports, etc.
Who is ultimately responsible for the value placed on my Real Property?
The State Legislature enacts property tax laws while the State Board of Tax Commissioners interprets the law, writes the rules and procedures, and sets the tax rates.
Who owns the property at a specific address?
To determine current ownership of property you should contact the County Auditors Office.
Is there any way I can reduce my taxes?
Yes. There are a number of credits and exemptions available to qualifying taxpayers. Your County Auditor (812-897-6110) can provide you with information and assist you in determining whether or not you qualify.
Where and when do I file my mortgage and homestead exemption?
Mortgages and homestead exemptions are filed with the County Auditor by May 10th and will be applied to the following year's taxes. If you purchase a new property, both need to be filed. Should you refinance the mortgage a new mortgage exemption must be filed. The homestead exemption only needs to be filed once even though you may refinance the mortgage.
When do I need a Power of Attorney?
When an appeal is being filed by anyone other than the owner.
Where and when do I file a tax return on my business personal property?
Filing of forms 102, 103 and 104 are required by May 15th of each year and are filed with the Assessor in the County in which the property is located.
Where do I get a copy of a plat map?
The "official" copy of the plat is filed with the County Auditor's Office.
Are churches and not-for-profit organizations required to file a return for personal property?
Yes. The same deadline as above applies.